ANALISIS PENGARUH MEKANISME INTERNAL DAN EXTERNAL CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS DAN KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN PERUSAHAAN (Studi Empiris Pada Perusahaan Go Publik di Pasar Modal Indonesia)

Christiana Fara Dharmastuti

Abstract


Kebijakan dividen, merupakan suatu topik yang menarik untuk diteliti meskipun terjadi banyak perdebatan dengan pendekatan berbagai teori mengenai dividen. Dalam penelitian ini kebijakan dividen akan dikaji melalui teori keagenan dengan memperhatikan pengaruh dari corporate governance perusahaan, khususnya melalui pemisahan mekanisme corporate governance secara internal maupun eksternal (Gillan, 2006) yang dimediasi oleh profitabilitas perusahaan. Penelitian dilakukan pada semua perusahaan non keuangan yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia pada tahun 2007-2010. Penyelesaian estimasi path model dan pengujian hipotesis menggunakan program AMOS 16.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mekanisme internal corporate governance yang diukur dari komisaris independen dan rasio kompensasi eksekutif ternyata tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja keuangan perusahaan, sedangkan mekanisme external corporate governance yang diukur dari stabilitas dan prosentase kepemilikan institusi berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja keuangan. Kondisi ini menunjukkan bahwa external corporate governance memiliki kekuatan yang lebih besar untuk melakukan monitoring dan memberikan pengaruh atas kebijakan keuangan perusahaan.

Kebijakan dividen, merupakan suatu topik yang menarik untuk diteliti meskipun terjadi banyak perdebatan dengan pendekatan berbagai teori mengenai dividen. Dalam penelitian ini kebijakan dividen akan dikaji melalui teori keagenan dengan memperhatikan pengaruh dari corporate governance perusahaan, khususnya melalui pemisahan mekanisme corporate governance secara internal maupun eksternal (Gillan, 2006) yang dimediasi oleh profitabilitas perusahaan. Penelitian dilakukan pada semua perusahaan non keuangan yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia pada tahun 2007-2010. Penyelesaian estimasi path model dan pengujian hipotesis menggunakan program AMOS 16.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mekanisme internal corporate governance yang diukur dari komisaris independen dan rasio kompensasi eksekutif ternyata tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja keuangan perusahaan, sedangkan mekanisme external corporate governance yang diukur dari stabilitas dan prosentase kepemilikan institusi berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja keuangan. Kondisi ini menunjukkan bahwa external corporate governance memiliki kekuatan yang lebih besar untuk melakukan monitoring dan memberikan pengaruh atas kebijakan keuangan perusahaan.

Dividend policy is an interesting topic to be discussed despite the fact that there are contentious arguments on theories about dividend. In this research dividend policy will be viewed through the agency theory by considering the effect of the company's corporate governance, in particular through the separation mechanism of internal and external corporate governance (Gillan, 2006) which are mediated by profitability. The study was conducted by all non-financial companies at the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2007 to 2010. AMOS 16.0 program is used in estimating the completion path model and testing hypotesis. The results shows that the mechanisms of internal corporate governance via the existence of independent commissioner and executive compensation can not significantly influence the company's financial performance, while mechanisms of external corporate governance as measured by the stability and the percentage of institutional ownership significantly influence the companys financial performance. This indicates that the external corporate governance has a greater power to monitor and influence the financial policies of the company.


Keywords


corporate governance external; corporate governance internal; dividend policy; external corporate governance external; institution ownership; internal corporate governance internal; kebijakan dividen; kepemilikan institusi

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