PENGARUH BUDAYA ORGANISASI, KOMUNIKASI, LINGKUNGAN KERJA DAN MOTIVASI TERHADAP KOMITMEN ORGANISASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA PEGAWAI

Rudi Setiawan, Etty Puji Lestari

Abstract


The purpose of this study is examine the influence of organizational culture, organizational communication, working environment, and motivation on organizational commitment to enhance employee performance. The use of variables is based on the results of previous studies. The study was conducted at BPS-Statistic Provincial in Bengkulu Province with respondents about 200 employees. The analytical method used is the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The purpose of SEM is obtaining the best structural model of the model developed. The result indicates that organizational culture have not positif and significant impact on performance, organizational culture have positive and significant impact on organizational commitment, organizational communication have not significant impact on performance, organizational communication have not significant impact on organizational commitment, motivation have positive effect but not significant to the performance, motivation have positive effect and significant on organizational commitment, working environment have not positif and significant effect on employee performance, and working environment have not signifikan and significant effect on organizational commitment.

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji pengaruh budaya organisasi, komunikasi organisasi, lingkungan kerja, dan motivasi terhadap komitmen organisasi untuk meningkatkan kinerja pegawai. Penggunaan variabel-variabel tersebut berdasarkan hasil penelitian terdahulu. Penelitian dilakukan BPS Provinsi/ Kabupaten/ Kota di Provinsi Bengkulu dengan responden sebanyak 200 pegawai. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis Structural Equation Modeling. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa budaya organisasi tidak berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja, budaya organisasi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap komitmen organisasi, komunikasi organisasi tidak signifikan terhadap kinerja, komunikasi organisasi tidak signifikan terhadap komitmen organisasi, motivasi berpengaruh positif namun tidak signifikan terhadap kinerja, motivasi berpengaruh positif terhadap komitmen organisasi, lingkungan kerja tidak berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja pegawai, lingkungan kerja tidak berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap komitmen organisasi.


Keywords


budaya organisasi, komitmen organisasi dan kinerja pegawai, komunikasi organisasi, lingkungan kerja, motivasi, motivation, organizational commitment and performance of employees, organizational communication, organizational culture, working environment.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ambarita, B. (2010). Pengaruh kepemimpinan, manajemen personalia, budaya organisasi, kepuasan kerja, dan komitmen organisasi terhadap kinerja dosen di Universitas Negeri Medan. Disertasi, Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Negeri Medan. Medan.

Azhar, Maryam & Akbar, Shafighi, Ali. (2013). The effect of work motivation on employees’ job performance (Case study: employees of Isfahan Islamic Revolution Housing Foundation). International journal of academic research in business and social sciences, September 2013, vol. 3, no. 9, www.hmars.com/journals, 432-445.

Butt, H.S., Khan, F. & Iqbal, M.J. (2012). Impact of work and physical environment on hospital nurses commitment. International journal of economic res, vol 3, issue 3, May-June 2012, www.ijeronline.com, 33-43.

Chen, J.C., Colin, S., & Hung, J.Y. (2006). Organization communication, job stress, organizational commitment, and job performance of accounting professionals in Taiwan and America. Leadership and organizationals journal, 27 (4), 242-249.

Corinna, W. (2012). Hubungan komitmen organisasi, umur, dan motivasi terhadap kinerja dosen STIE IBBI Medan. Jurnal keuangan dan bisnis, vol. 4, no. 2, 127-136.

Devi, E.K.D. (2009). Analisis pengaruh kepuasan kerja dan motivasi terhadap kinerja karyawan dengan komitmen organisasional sebagai variabel intervening (Studi pada karyawan outcoucing PT. Semeru Karya Buana Semarang). Tesis, Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Handoko, Y., Setiawan, M. & Djumahir, S. (2014). Organizational culture, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, the effect on lecturer performance. International journal of business and management invention, vol 2, issue 12, December 2014, www.ijbmi.org, 21-30.

Hilman, H. & Siam, M. (2014). The influence of organizational structure and organization culture on the organisational performance of higher educational institutions: The moderating role of strategy communication. Asian social science, vol. 10, no. 13, 2014, Canadian Venter of Science and Education, www.ccsenet.org/ass, 142-154.

Inayati, I. (2011). Keterkaitan antara motivasi, kepuasan kerja dan lingkungan kerja serta dampaknya terhadap kinerja pegawai negeri Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Bengkulu. Tesis, Pascasarjana Universitas Bengkulu. Bengkulu.

Iranmanesh, S., Fuladvand, M., Amari, G.F., & Bahrampoor, A. (2014). Iranian nurses’ organizational commitment and job motivation. Asian journal of nursing education and research, vol 4, issue 2, Apr-Jun 2014, ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source, 189-194.

Jae, M. (2000). Organizational commitment revisited in new public management. Public performance and management review, vol. 24, no. 2.

Ma’ruf, Jasman J; Ramayah, T; & Mohamed, Osman. (2002). Pengembangan model pengukuran untuk memprediksi perilaku niat menggunakan media internet: Suatu pendekatan structural model. The Proceedings of The International Seminar Indonesia – Malaysia,”The Role of Harmonization of Economics and Business Dicipline in Global Competitiveness, Banda Aceh, Indonesia 14-15th October 2002.

McKinnon, Jill L. (2003). Organizational culture: associatin with commitment, job satisfaction, propensity to remain, and information sharing in Taiwan. International journal of business studies, vol. 11, no. 1, June 2003, 25-44.

McNeese-Smith, D. (1996). Increasing employee productivity, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Hospital and health services adm, vol. 41, no. 2, 160-175.

Nurdin, Gani, M.U., Mus, A.R., & Hamzah, N. (2014). Perception of civil servants on performance: An emperical analysis of Indonesian local government. International journal of business and management invention, vol 3, issue 10, October 2014, www.ijbi.org, 74-84.

Nurjanah. (2008). Pengaruh gaya kepemimpinan dan budaya organisasi terhadap komitmen organisasi dalam meningkatkan kinerja karyawan. Tesis, Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Omolade, A., Akinola, G.W., & Olufemi, O.B. (2013). Impact of motivation on workers’ productivity in public organisations: A case study of nurses at The University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. International journal of business and management invention, volume 2, issue 7, Juli 2013, www.ijbmi.org, 96-103.

Rizal, M., Idrus, M.S., Djumahir, & Mintarti, R. (2014). Effect of compensation on motivation, organizational commitment and employee performance (Studies at local revenue management in Kendari City). International journal of business and management invention, Vol 3, Issue 2, February 2014, www.ijbmi.org, 64-79.

Rudianti, Y. (2011). Hubungan komunikasi organisasi dengan kinerja perawat pelaksana di ruang rawat inap salah satu rumah sakit swasta Surabaya. Tesis, Pascasarjana Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.

Rumayah, T. & Aizaat M.N. (2002). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment: Differential effects for men and woman. Jurnal manajemen dan bisnis, vol 5 (1).

Sancoko, B. (2010). Pengaruh remunerasi terhadap kualitas pelayanan publik. Jurnal ilmu administrasi dan organisasi, Jan-April 2010, vol. 17, no. 1, 43-51.

Santoso, S. (2014). Konsep dasar dan aplikasi SEM dengan AMOS 22. Jakarta: PT Alex Media Komputindo.

Sinungan, M. (1997). Produktifitas: Apa dan bagaimana. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Situmorang, B. (2012). Pengaruh budaya organisasi, kepemimpinan, komunikasi interpersonal, dan kepuasan kerja terhadap komitmen organisasi kepala sekolah (Studi kasus pada SMK di Kota Medan). Disertasi, Pascasarjana Universitas Medan. Medan

Sopiah. (2008). Perilaku organisasi. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi Offset.

Subagyo (2014). Pengaruh lingkungan kerja dan self efficacy terhadap komitmen organisasional dosen Politeknik Negeri Semarang. Orbith, vol 10, no 1, Maret 2014, 74-81.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Organisasi Dan Manajemen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.