THE IMPACTS OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN INDONESIA AND CHINA'S HOTEL INDUSTRY: HOW TO OVERCOME IT?
2020 is kind of an alarming year for all countries because of the emergence of an outbreak called the Coronavirus or Covid-19 that originated in Wuhan City, China. This outbreak is a concern for the world because many aspects are affected, such as tourism. This research aims to determine the impacts of the Covid-19 outbreak on the hotel industry in Indonesia and China. It is to analyze the efforts to overcome it. Then, this research was held by applying a descriptive qualitative approach and done by discourse analysis. The data obtained comes from a variety of reference sources that support this research. The findings of the research stated that the hotel industry in Indonesia and China were significantly affected by the Covid-19 outbreak since many hotels were forced to close and not operate to reduce the spread of the virus. Thousands of employees were forced to be laid off due to the losses income of the hotel. Several hotels in Indonesia and China decided to be used as hospitals for Covid-19 victims. In conclusion, the unpredictable outbreak at the beginning of 2020 due to a deadly virus called Covid-19 shook the world because it has affected many aspects, including tourism.
Budiyanti, E. (2020). Dampak Virus Corona Terhadap Sektor Perdagangan Dan Pariwisata Indonesia. Info Singkat XII, (4).
Chang, C. L., McAleer, M., & Ramos, V. (2020). A charter for sustainable tourism after COVID-19.
Chinazzi, M., Davis, J. T., Ajelli, M., Gioannini, C., Litvinova, M., Merler, S., ... & Viboud, C. (2020). The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Science, 368(6489), 395-400.
Dinarto, D., Wanto, A., & Sebastian, L. C. (2020). Global health security–COVID-19: impact on Bintan’s tourism sector. RSIS Commentaries, 033-20.
Djalante, R., Lassa, J., Setiamarga, D., Mahfud, C., Sudjatma, A., Indrawan, M., ... & Gunawan, L. A. (2020). Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia: Period of January to March 2020. Progress in Disaster Science, 100091.
Dube, K., Nhamo, G., & Chikodzi, D. (2020). COVID-19 cripples global restaurant and hospitality industry. Current Issues in Tourism, 1-4.
Gössling, S., Scott, D., & Hall, C. M. (2020). Pandemics, tourism and global change: a rapid assessment of COVID-19. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1-20.
Hoque, A., Shikha, F. A., Hasanat, M. W., Arif, I., & Hamid, A. B. A. (2020). The effect of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the tourism industry in China. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 3(1), 52-58.
Seow, B. (2020, January 22), “China warns virus could mutate, spread as death toll rises”, (The Jakarta Post), Available: https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/01/22/china-warns-virus-could-mutate-spread-as-death-toll-rises.html (Accessed: 2020, June 2).
Teng, J. X. (2020, March 13), “China, US spar over origin of coronavirus”, (The Jakarta Post), Available: https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/13/china-us-spar-over-origin-of-coronavirus.html (Accessed: 2020, June 3).
Wachyuni, S. S., & Kusumaningrum, D. A. (2020). The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic: How are the Future Tourist Behavior?. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 67-76.
Wen, J., Kozak, M., Yang, S., & Liu, F. (2020). COVID-19: potential effects on Chinese citizens’ lifestyle and travel. Tourism Review.
Zenker, S., & Kock, F. (2020). The coronavirus pandemic–A critical discussion of a tourism research agenda. Tourism Management, 81, 104164.
Zheng, Y., Goh, E., & Wen, J. (2020). The effects of misleading media reports about COVID-19 on Chinese tourists’ mental health: a perspective article. Anatolia, 31(2), 337-340.
“Coronavirus: Where are cases still rising?”, (2020, May 28), (Google), Available: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-51235105? (Accessed: 2020, June 3).
“Global research on coronavirus disease (COVID-19)”, (World Health Organization), Available: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov (Accessed: 2020, June 4).
“Indonesia”, (Worldometer), Available: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/country/indonesia/ “China”, (Worldometer), Available: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/country/china/ (Accessed: 2020, June 8).