LIVESTOCK SELF-SUFFICIENCY AND LIVESTOCK HOUSEHOLD DISTRIBUTION IN INDONESIA: CURRENT STATE AND EXPECTED DEVELOPMENTS
Keywords:self-sufficiency, livestock distribution, smallholder farmer
Indonesia has increasing demand for animal sources of food including red meat. There has always been a national gap between supply and demand of red meat. This paper aims to describe the current features and prospects for livestock production systems in Indonesia. The research method used is descriptive statistics. Based on the source, the data used in this study is secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS). The first part of the article reviews and analyses population of Indonesian livestock. The second part addresses issues related to the current distribution of livestock that could become important for future development of the livestock industry in Indonesia. Recommendations to improve distribution, to empower smallholder farmers, and to develop systems for livestock development are briefly discussed.
Agus A, Mastuti Widi TS. Current situation and future prospects for beef cattle production in Indonesia â€” A review. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 2018;31(7):976-83.
Delgado C, Rosegrant M, Steinfeld H, Ehui S, Courbois C. Livestock to 2020: The Next Food Revolution. Outlook on Agriculture. 2001;30(1):27-9.
Widi TSM. Mapping the impact of crossbreeding in smallÂholder farming systems in Indonesia WageninÂgen: The Netherlands: Wageningen University; 2015.
Market snapshot of beef in Indonesia [internet]. North Sydney NSW, Australia: Meat and Livestock Australia 2017 [cited 2019 August 17]. Available from: http://www.mla.com.au.
Kementrian Pertanian. Livestock statistics. Jakarta: Kementrian Pertanian Republik Indonesia; 2017.
Agus A, I.G.S. Budisatria, N. Ngadiyono, Sumadi R, N. Indarti, T.S.M. Widi, et al. Road map of beef cattle industry in Indonesia. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: APFINDO and Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2014.
Indonesian statistical data. Jakarta, Indonesia: Biro Pusat Statistik; 2015 [Available from: https://www.bps.go.id.
Moss J, Morley P, Baker D, Al-Moadhen H, Downie R. Improving methods for estimating livestock production and productivity. University of New England; 2016 Technical Report Series No: GOÂ11Â2016. 2016.
Winarto PS, Leegwater PH, Zemmelink G, Ibrahim MNM. Cattle Production on Small Holder Farms in East Java, Indonesia : I. Household and Farming Characteristics. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 2000;13(2):220-5.
Ifar S, Solichin AW, Udo HMJ, Zemmelink G. Subsistence farmers' access to cattle via sharing in upland farming systems in East Java, Indonesia. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 1996;9(2):215-22.
Gayatri S, Gasso-tortajada V, Vaarst M. Assessing Sustainability of Smallholder Beef Cattle Farming in Indonesia: A Case Study Using the FAO SAFA Framework. Journal of Sustainable Development. 2016;9:236.
Soedjana TD, Priyanti A. Competitiveness of Indonesian Livestock Production among ASEAN Countries. Wartazoa Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 2017;27(1):1-14.
DGLS [Director General of Livestock Services]. Blue Print of Self-Sufficiency Beef Program in 2014. Director General of Livestock Services, Jakarta [Indonesian]. Indonesia: The Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia; 2010.
Sutarno, Setyawan AD. Review: The diversity of local cattle in Indonesia and the efforts to develop superior indigenous cattle breeds. Biodiversitas. 2016;17(7):275-95.
Sullivan GM, Diwyanto K. A Value Chain Assessment of the Livestock Sector in Indonesia. Washington DC. USA: USAID United States Agency International Development; 2007.
Nuhung IA. Achieving Cattle Meat Self-Sufficiency: Performance, Constraints, and Strategy. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi 2015;Vol. 33(1):63-80.
Risti P. Determinants of Relative Demand for Imported Beef and a Review of Livestock Self-Sufficiency in Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Economies. 2013;30(3):294.
Smith SB, Gotoh T, Greenwood PL. Current situation and future prospects for global beef production: overview of special issue. Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences. 2018;31(7):927-32.
Van Engen NK, Stock Ml Fau - Engelken T, Engelken T Fau - Vann RC, Vann Rc Fau - Wulf LW, Wulf Lw Fau - Karriker LA, Karriker La Fau - Busby WD, et al. Impact of oral meloxicam on circulating physiological biomarkers of stress and inflammation in beef steers after long-distance transportation. (1525-3163 (Electronic)).
Final Report: Market study on food sector in Indonesia. Bogor, Indonesia: International Center for Applied Finance and Economic (InterCAFE) & Institute of Research and Community Service, IPB, Bogor; 2018.
Loing C, Aiba A, Rorimpandey B, Kalangi L. The socio-economic creativity effect of livestock operations on dual production geographicaly under small-scale peasant In Weda, Halmahera, Indonesia. In: Subagiyo I, editor. International Conference on Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC); Malang, Indonesia: Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Brawijaya University; 2017.
Warriach HM, McGill DM, Ishaq M, Arif S, Latif S, Bhatti A, et al. Impacts of improved extension services on awareness, knowledge, adoption rates and farm productivity of smallholder dairy farmers in Pakistan. In: Subagiyo I, editor. International Conference on Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC); Malang, Indonesia: Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Brawijaya University; 2017.
Kustiari R. Livestock Development Policy in Indonesia. Taiwan: Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region; 2014.
Copyright (c) 2022 Adhi Susilo, Deddy Ahmad Suhardi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.