Pena Anda: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Sekolah Dasar is a peer-reviewed journal. Pena Anda follows guidelines from Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) facing all aspects of publication ethics and, in particular, how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct. This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, the Editor-in-Chief, the Editorial Board, the peer-reviewer and the publisher (LPPM Universitas Terbuka). Pena Anda applies COPE to meet high quality standard of ethics for publisher, editors, authors, and reviewers. As an essential issue, publication ethics needs to be explained clearly to improve the quality of the research worldwide. In this part, we explain the standard for editors, authors, and reviewers. Publishers don’t have the right to interfere with the integrity of the contents and only support to publish in timely manner.
Tasks and Ethics of Editors
Editors are responsible for accepting, rejecting, or requesting modifications to the manuscript. Editors also have responsibility for selecting reviewers of received articles and then deciding which articles will be published after considering recommendations from reviewers.
Editors also have the responsibility of evaluating the contents of articles for preventing copyright violations, plagiarism, or conflicts that possibly occur during the publication of that articles. Editors have to uphold the equality of rights among all authors by limitedly considering the contents of articles as the only benchmark, and editors should not consider other benchmarks such as original institutions, ethnicities, genders, religions, citizenships, or political tendencies of authors.
Editors do not have any right to disclose any information about articles received from authors to any other people who are not authors, reviewers, or persons in charge of those articles. All contents of articles are the rights of authors and editors, so editors do not have the right for utilizing their interests in the information that's published or unpublished, without permission from authors. The secrecy of any information about authors or unique ideas that are gained from peer review should be protected and is prohibited to be utilized for personal interests.
With full awareness, Editors have to determine their own involvement in the articles in which editors have any conflict of interest. Editors have the responsibility of responding to any questions and complaints related to ethical issues regarding the texts that have been published either by authors, the public, or other authors. Any act of unethical publication behavior must be viewed as a violation even if it is found several years after publication. And Editors have the right to give sanctions for ethical mistakes made by authors.
Tasks and Ethics of Reviewers
The main task of a reviewer is to assist the chief of editors in making editorial decisions and in communicating with authors in relation to scripts that will be published. The review was carried out at least by two reviewers in a blind review process. Reviewers review any selected articles based on the suitability of their expertise and experience in reviewing such kinds of articles. Reviewers have the right to refuse to review or review articles that are not suitable for their respective fields or there is a conflict of interest with the article to be reviewed. All articles received by reviewers for review must be treated as confidential documents.
Reviews are carried out objectively and only cover the content of the article and are not included in the author's personal. The reviewer's review of an article is stated clearly accompanied by supporting arguments. Each assertation that a reported observation, derivation, or argument has been reported previously, has to be accompanied by a relevant quote. Manuscript materials that are not published but disclosed in the submitted text, are not permitted to be used by reviewers without written approvals of authors. Special information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.
Roles and Responsibilities of the Author
The author must follow the design of the article set by the publisher. Articles are original writings by one or several authors. Submission of articles accompanied by a statement of originality (Statement of Originality). The article is a form of publication of the results of the study and the author is obliged to state all the findings without making changes or removing data relating to the article. False statements or intentional actions related to the accuracy of the data used are unethical and unacceptable behavior. The author is prohibited from engaging in plagiarism in all its forms which is an unethical and intolerable publishing behavior. Articles must be accompanied by detailed references that allow peers and reviewers to access the data. Authors are prohibited from writing two or more articles based on or that explain the same research results. Sending the same text to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior. Information obtained privately, such as in conversations, correspondence, or discussions with third parties, may not be used or reported without written permission from the source. Authors may not submit the same work to other journals at the same time or the manuscript is under review. Authors must wait for the decision to reject or formally request a withdrawal before submitting it to another journal. The number of authors in an article is not limited but is based on the contributions of the authors involved in the article. Authorship must be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported research, and see and approve the final version of the paper and approve the submission for publication. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his own published work, the author's obligation to immediately notify the editor-in-chief of Pena Anda and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
Plagiarism and Prevention
According to Indonesian ministerial regulation No 17 of 2010, plagiarism is a prohibited form of action. Those who carry out polarization will be given sanctions based on the applicable provisions. Plagiarism forms according to ministerial regulation No. 17 of 2010 are as follows:
1. Refer to and/or cite terms, words and/or sentences, data, and/or information from the source without quoting the source in the quotation note and/or without adequately stating the source.
2. Refer to and cite randomly the terms, words and/or sentences, data and/or information from the source without quoting the source in the quotation note and/or without expressing the source adequately
3. Use the source of ideas, opinions, views, or theories without adequately stating the sources
4. Formulate words and/or sentences from the source of words and/or phrases, ideas, opinions, views, or theories without expressing the source adequately
5. Submitting scientific papers produced and/or published by others as the source of their own scientific work without expressing it adequately.
In preventing plagiarism in the Pena Anda manuscript, for that,, every manuscript submitted by the author to Pena Anda must be completed and signed by the author:
1. Statement of the authenticity of the manuscript submitted
2. Statement has never been or is not in the process of publication
3. Conflict free